Many applicants to medical school don't realize that becoming a doctor is not just a matter of graduating from medical school. A great deal of training occurs after graduation, during residency. Residency typically lasts three years. It is during residency that you will specialize in a particular field of medicine.
Residency by the Year
he first year of residency is also known as internship or first year residency (PGY-1 for post graduate year 1, the first year out of medical school). Interns generally rotate among specialties. During PGY-2, the second year of residency, the doctor continues to learn the field, focusing on a specialty area. Fellowship, PGY-3, is when the doctor trains in a sub-specialty.
Residents are expected to fulfill several tasks daily. Responsibilities of a resident can include:
- Rounds (talk to each patient about their care).
- Rounds with team: teams include several interns, an upper-level supervising resident, and an attending or teaching physician taking care of a certain patients. Students are often questioned/drilled about diseases and treatment techniques. Students are able to speak with each patient about their needs and make suggestions for further diagnostic tests and treatments.
- Students check in with some patients again and delve deeper into their treatments.
- Residents leave notes or instructions on each patient including possible problems that may arise for the next shift resident.
- Attend various lectures and conferences.
- Study at home and work.
Students may admit new patients and are expected to:
- Prepare a history of the patient's medical past.
- Perform a physical examination.
- Write their admitting orders, which include instructions for tests and medications.
All of this work is accompanied by an average annual salary of $40,000 to $50,000.