- basic mathematical skills
- understanding of elementary mathematical concepts
- ability to reason with numbers and to solve problems with quantitative methods
Arithmetic questions include properties and types of integers, arithmetic operations, exponents and radicals; and concepts such as estimation, percent, ratio, rate, absolute value, the number line, decimal representation and sequences of numbers.
Algebra questions include operations with exponents; factoring and simplifying algebraic expressions; solving linear and quadratic equations and inequalities; solving simultaneous equations and inequalities; setting up equations to solve word problems; and coordinate geometry.
Geometry questions include parallel and perpendicular lines, circles, triangles, quadrilaterals, other polygons, congruent and similar figures, three-dimensional figures, area, perimeter, volume, the Pythagorean theorem and angle measurement in degrees.
Data analysis questions include basic descriptive statistics, such as mean, median, mode, range, standard deviation, interquartile range, quartiles and percentiles; interpretation of data in tables and graphs, such as line graphs, bar graphs, circle graphs, boxplots, scatterplots and frequency distributions; elementary probability.
The Quantitative Section Measures High-School Math
It is important to recognize that the math topics are typically taught in high school algebra courses or introductory statistics courses. It does not include inferential statistics, trigonometry, calculus or other higher-level mathematics. The mathematical symbols, terminology and conventions used in the Quantitative Reasoning measure are those that are standard at the high school level
Types of Quantitative Reasoning Questions
- Quantitative Comparison questions as you to compare two quantities (A and B) and then determine the relationship between the two quantities, whether A is greater, B is greater, the two are equal, or the relationship cannot be determined from the information given.
- Multiple Choice - Select One Answer questions require you to compute information and chose a correct answer.
- Multiple Choice - Select One or More Answer questions require you to compute information and chose one or more correct answers (often not specifying how many).
- Numeric Entry questions require you to enter your answer as an integer an answer box rather than choose among alternatives.